Betta Trading

Wild Guinea Pig Relatives

Guinea Pigs come from Peru and several neighbouring countries in Andes Mountains of South America. They do not come from Guinea which is in Africa.

Here is a picture of a colony in Peru.

Wild Guinea Pigs

The Guinea Pig, Cavia porcellus, does not appear to exist in the wild.  It was probably developed in captivity from one of the related wild species like Cavia aperea, Cavia fulgida, or Cavia tschudii.

Here is a picture of a Cavia aperea in a zoo in Frankfurt.

A young female Cavia intermedia on Moleques do Sul Island, in the  Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil,. It is endemic to that island.

Picture Credits
The pictures taken in Adelaide Zoo are copyright, Steve Challis.
The picture of Cavia aperea is by Petra Karstedt (= PetraK; [CC BY-SA 2.0 de (], via Wikimedia Commons.

The picture of Cavia intermedia is by Carlos H. Salvador.

The picture of Cavia magna  is by Anneli Salo (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons.

The picture of Cavia fulgida is from Projeto Herpetus.

Guinea Pigs are called restless cavies because it  seems to people owning them that they very rarely sleep . This is not the only type of cavy in South America. Here are Patagonian Cavies in Adelaide Zoo. Patagonian Cavies are a little bit like large rabbits or hares.


Guinea Pigs are rodents like Rats, Mice, Beavers and Capybaras. They are not pigs, and are not as closely related to Rabbits as some people think. Here is a picture of two Capybaras in Adelaide Zoo. This is another type of South American rodent; the biggest rodent in the world. Capybaras are excellent swimmers and spend a lot of time in the water.

Guinea Pigs are also good swimmers, but do not seem to like the water much.

Cavia magna is called the Swamp Cavy or Greater Guinea Pig. It is found in a strip of the coast of South America in Brazil and Uruguay.
This picture was taken at Korkeasaari Zoo in Helsinki.

Since 1901 Cavia fulgida has been considered to be the same species as Cavia   rufescens .

 Patagonian Cavy in Adelaide Zoo.

Capybara in Adelaide Zoo